Center for Prevention Services works to educate, help curb substance abuse in Stanly
Two years ago, well before COVID-19 emerged on the scene, Stanly County was reeling from another deadly epidemic: substance abuse. Stanly was consistently ranked for a number of months as the number one county in the state when it came to opioid overdoses.
Stanly’s struggles though did provide a silver lining in one respect: it attracted some much-needed attention from the Charlotte-based Center for Prevention Services, which awarded a five-year, $1.26 million Partnership for Success Grant (PSG) two years ago to serve Stanly. The grant, funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration, began October 2019 and is scheduled to run through Sept. 30, 2024.
The grant provided Stanly with more than $500,000 in 2019 and 2020 for initiatives to curb substance abuse. CPS is slated to spend around $253,000 for 2021. These prevention efforts have included, among other things, educational outreach to students, coordinating medication take back events and bolstering Stanly County’s Project Lazarus Coalition.
“Despite of the pandemic, we feel like we have achieved a lot,” CPS grant manager Neetu Verma said.
Establishing a foothold in the school system
While the grant is multifaceted and targets many areas, one of the biggest has been educating students about the importance of substance use prevention, including getting them to feel comfortable talking about tough subjects like substance use and mental health. There’s often a reticence in many communities, especially smaller, more rural ones like Stanly, to discuss sensitive topics like whether young people have access to substances such as alcohol and tobacco — which is why the Partnership for Success grant is so critical, organizers said.
“I think with our presence being here, that door has been opened and now they’re having to talk about it and we’re putting programs into the schools,” said CPS youth coordinator Kaitlin Smith, who has been the person working directly with students across the county.
A 2019 East Carolina graduate with a degree in public health, Smith was hired by CPS to establish Teens for Change clubs at each of the area high schools to foster relationships with the students and educate them about substance use prevention, including the dangers of drugs and vaping. The idea was that as a young person herself, Smith, 24, could serve as a close confidante, whom students would feel comfortable talking with.
“When I was working with my kids, they finally had a group where they were able to come in and talk about the issues that they were dealing with at home, and the issues they were dealing with individually and with their friends,” Smith said.
Aside from various substances like alcohol and tobacco, other topics that were discussed included ways to improve students’ mental health and their self-confidence.
She had already established a steady presence at West Stanly and was looking to broaden her impact to the other schools, when the pandemic hit last spring. Since she could no longer forge in-person connections with students, Smith pivoted and began providing assistance in other areas. She helped with CPS’s medication take back events and began meeting once a week with Albemarle Middle students, as part of the after-school SPARK program.
With Covid cases continuing to decrease and with more people getting vaccinated each week, Beverly Pennington, director of student services with Stanly County Schools, anticipates Smith will be able to resume her work establishing Teens for Change clubs at the high schools next school year.
“It is my hope that we will be able to open up, have support people such as Kaitlin come in and work with our students and have after-school activities,” Pennington said.
Implementation of a Youth Drug Survey
When asked about the biggest accomplishment of the grant to date, Verma mentioned the implementation of the Youth Drug Survey, which was completed last spring by 1,226 sixth, eighth, 10th and 12th graders from 11 schools in the county. Students answered a multitude of questions about how often they used substances including alcohol, prescription drugs, marijuana, e-cigarettes and cigarettes. The survey was anonymous and students had the choice to not participate.
According to the results of the survey, which CPS shared with the public in December 2020, more Stanly County youth were using electronic cigarettes than any other substances, including alcohol.
YDS found that while roughly 7 percent of middle school respondents had consumed e-cigarettes over a 30-day period, the number more than doubled to 16 percent for high school respondents.
Aside from e-cigarettes, other common substances used by youth over a 30-day period included alcohol (10 percent of respondents), prescription drugs without a prescription (7 percent) and marijuana (5 percent). The smoking of traditional cigarettes was low, with only 2 percent of respondents reporting they had done so over the 30-day period.
Overall though, the results seemed to be encouraging.
“What I’m happy to see is that the numbers are low in Stanly County and I think they’re going to continue to drop in other places where we’re having strong prevention efforts,” said Andrew Reynolds, a consultant with Common Good Data, who co-authored the youth survey. “Prevention is effective and it works and it’s one of the best ways that we can address substance use not only now…but as youth get older.”
This was the first drug survey administered in Stanly County, Verma said, which provided a critical window into the kind of substances popular among the county’s young people. The YDS was designed by CPS more than 30 years ago for students in Mecklenburg County and has been in continuous use with Charlotte Mecklenburg Schools ever since.
“This survey gives us a look at youth perspectives on substance use including which substances youth in the county are aware of and possibly using,” said Wendy Growcock, public health specialist with the Stanly County Health Department. “The YDS data informs all agencies in the county working with youth or with substance use prevention how to target their efforts.”
Stanly County Schools used the survey results to assess its needs and help decide where resources needed to be spent, Pennington said. As a result of the YDS data, along with other data points, the school system will be funding a coordinator for social, emotional and mental health services for next school year.
A second group of students (sixth, eighth, 10th and 12th graders) will complete the survey at the end of October, Verma said. She hopes to have more student participation this time.
Botvin Life training
Another key part of the grant has gone towards training Stanly County Schools staff in the Botvin LifeSkills Training program.
It is an evidence-based prevention program backed by more than 30 scientific studies that has been shown to be effective in reducing alcohol, tobacco, marijuana and other drug use. According to its website, its programs are used in many states across the United States along with more than 30 countries around the world.
Studies show the program also helps reduce violence and school drop-out and helps with student academic performance.
Ten middle school and two high school health and P.E. teachers were trained in the curriculum last fall while an additional eight high school teachers were trained in the spring, Verma said.
The Botvin curriculum was taught to more than 500 sixth grade students this past school year and will reach sixth, seventh and ninth grade students in 2021-2022. (As part of the $3.7 million, five-year RESTORE Grant, which is separate from CPS and was awarded to Stanly and Montgomery County Schools in 2019, the Botvin curriculum was also taught to middle school and ninth grade students at Albemarle High, Albemarle Middle and Stanly Academy Learning Center.)
“The teachers enjoyed having this resource available to them,” Pennington said, noting they no longer had to search for lessons that met specific parts of the standardized curriculum for health instruction. “And students have found that it is helpful and have enjoyed learning more about the different components that it covers such as decision-making and not falling into peer pressure.”
Some of the other major initiatives over the past two years have included:
- Several drive-through medication take back events throughout the county for people to safely dispose of prescription drugs. A total of 81 pounds of drugs were collected during the four events, Verma said. The next one will be from 2-4 p.m. July 11 at Pfeiffer University (in front of the chapel).
- Distributing lock boxes and chemical disposal kits at various events including the farmers market at the Stanly Commons, and the medication take back events.
- An extensive media campaign (billboards, movie theater public service announcements and sandwich boards at the schools) informing the public about drug prevention.
- Alcohol purchase surveys to make sure stores are checking young peoples’ ID.
- Several in-person and virtual town hall events to educate and engage parents and community members on substance use prevention strategies.
- Bolstering and expanding membership in Project Lazarus, a group comprised of public health, health care, law enforcement, mental health personnel and concerned citizens to combat drug abuse.
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