DAN KIBLER COLUMN: Report shows turkey population stable

Published 3:12 pm Tuesday, January 17, 2023

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Turkey hunters across North Carolina got some good news from the N.C. Wildlife Resources Commission: the statewide flock is in good shape, especially after a reasonably good hatch this past spring.

Dan Kibler

Hannah Plumpton, the Commission’s upland game bird biologist, published a report on turkey reproductive success for 2022, and the numbers, while not great, were promising.

“We’ve been holding steady on harvest numbers and reproduction numbers the past few years, and that shows me that our turkey population is stable,” Plumpton said.

That’s a boast that not too many states across the Southeast can make, maybe none, with turkey flocks and harvests in the region generally on a downward turn the past half-dozen years.

Plumpton and the Commission set up observers afield to note how many turkeys they saw from July 1-Aug. 1, 2022, also noting whether they were mature gobblers, mature hens or poults — which are generally hatched from late May to early June. Observers were sent out in all 100 counties; for instance, 61 observers were in Forsyth County, 24 in Davie County, 45 in Rowan County and 41 in Stanly County.

Over the two-month period, the 2,849 observers recorded 10,908 observations, including a total of 64,559 wild turkeys — a big increase over the 2021 brood survey. The highest numbers came from the Coastal region, followed closely by the Piedmont, with the Mountain region bringing up the rear.

The overall numbers are less important than the particulars: how many hens were observed with broods of poults, and how many poults were in the average brood. The statewide numbers were 43% of hens with poults, an average of 3.4 poults per brood, for an overall productivity of 1.6 poults per hen. A ratio of two poults per hen is considered a very good number — the kind North Carolina had every year in the 1980s and 1990s when the state’s flock was exploding thanks to trapping and stocking of birds across North Carolina.

“Productivity was pretty consistent across the state, with a very slight edge in the Coastal region,” Plumpton said. “We were slightly below the 10-year average, with a pretty average hatch.”

Coastal observers found 45% of hens with poults, an average of 3.4 poults per brood and 1.7 poults per hen. PIedmont numbers were 42%, 3.5 and 1.6, with Mountain numbers 42%, 3.5 and 1.6.

Another number biologists look closely at is the number of gobblers observed compared to hens. A ratio of one gobbler for two hens is considered a workable number — any lower and gobblers need some protection. Plumpton’s numbers come to .51 gobblers per hen: .55 in the Coastal region, .48 in the Piedmont and .47 in the Mountains.

North Carolina has experienced its highest harvests during the past four spring wild-turkey seasons: 20,576 in 2022, 21,974 in 2021 and 22,431 in 2020.

Dan Kibler has been covering the outdoors since 1985 as outdoors editor of the Winston-Salem Journal and later as managing editor of Carolina Sportsman until his retirement in 2021.